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  • Canada Immigration

    Federal Skilled Trades Program

Canada Immigration                Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

 ♦ Canada Immigration Overview

 ♦ Express Entry

 ♦ Federal Skilled Worker

 ♦ Federal Skilled Trade Program

 ♦ Provincial Nominee Program

 ♦ Quebec Immigration Program

 ♦ Immigration Pilot Programs

 ♦ Family Sponsorship Class

 ♦ Canadian Experience Class

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Required Documents (FSTP)

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To become eligible for a Canadian Skilled Worker Visa, under Express Entry, you will be assessed on the following factors:
♦ your skills in English and/or French (Canada's two official languages);
♦ your education;
♦ your work experience;
♦ your age;
♦ whether you have a valid job offer; and
♦ your adaptability (how well you are likely to settle in Canada)

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is an immigration program in Canada that gives people with certain types of work experience the opportunity to get permanent residency in Canada.


The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) is one of the programs that is managed by the Express Entrysystem along with the Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Canadian Experience Class. These are all based on the in-demand skilled occupations listed by the Canadian federal government but are not the only pathways for skilled workers to apply for permanent residence in Canada. There are also other ways to immigrate to Canada in an unskilled capacity but this will not be through a fast-track process like the ones under Express Entry.

To qualify for an occupation that is considered a skilled trade according to the federal government, candidates need to first make certain they meet all the criteria for this pathway. Candidates can then apply through the 
Express Entry system, stating that this is their program of choice. Applicants will also need to have a valid job offer/certificate of qualification in order to be considered for this particular stream. Achieving a successful Invitation to Apply (ITA) from this application allows candidates to be considered for permanent residence in every province of Canada - apart from Québec, which uses its own guidelines and rules for immigration of skilled workers.

Eligibility

In order to be eligible to apply for the Federal Skilled Trades Program, you will need to meet certain criteria (some of which overlaps with the Express Entry system's CRS standards) in order to assess your suitability to the program before you can create your profile through Express Entry. These requirements are specific to this program and need to be in line with one of the specific skilled trades listed in the table below.

Requirements:
♦ Valid job offer from a Canadian employer for 1 year at least OR a certificate of qualification* from a
   provincial 
body
♦ Language proficiency score of in French and English measured by the Canadian Language
   Benchmark 
(level 4 for writing + reading and 5 for listening + speaking)
♦ At least 2 years of work experience before applying
♦ Ability to demonstrate skills and experience in your trade

*This certificate must be obtained from a transference of qualifications exam written in Canada or your original qualification must be valid for practice in Canada.

Along with the above documents and achievements, the federal government requires you to show evidence of sufficient funds for you and your family to settle in Canada. You will also need experience or training from a Canadian employer and be assessed for your trade by a recognized body in Canada. To obtain this, you’ll need to visit the province or territory that you hope to settle in for the assessment. From here you’re ready to 
apply for the program through the Express Entry system by creating your online profile with the attached documents.

Required Skilled Work Experience

There are certain in-demand occupations which are listed by the federal government that speak to deficits in the workforce. These occupations are considered to be those that will continue to be on the rise during the next five years. We’ve listed the occupations/fields that qualify for the Federal Skilled Trades Program below.

National Occupation Classification Categories

Major Group 72Industrial, Electrical, Construction
Major Group 73Maintenance, Equipment Operation
Major Group 8
Supervisors and Technicians in Natural Resources, Agriculture
Major Group 92Processing and Manufacturing, Utility Supervisors, Central Control Operations
Minor Group 632 Chefs and Cooks
Minor Group 633
Butchers and Bakers

The Express Entry System (FSTP)

Express Entry is a fast-track system created by the federal government in 2015 in order to speed up the process of immigration for workers with experience working in-demand skilled occupations in Canada. These applications are processed in as little as six months!

In order to apply for the Federal Skilled Trades Program (assuming you meet the criteria above), you’ll need to create an online profile which will ask you questions based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). This scores you based on criteria ranging from your age to your language proficiency, among others. Once you have an eligible score, you await the draw (which typically happens every two weeks) which takes the highest scoring candidates and issues them with an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence.

CRS Criteria Gives Points For:

♦ Your age
♦ Your level of education
♦ Your work experience in and outside of Canada
♦ Your ability to adapt to life in Canada
♦ Whether or not you have a sibling in Canada
♦ Language proficiency
♦ Arranged employment
♦ Whether or not you have a Provincial Nomination

You do not need to provide your education level to qualify for this pathway but it will help your Express Entry CRS score if you submit evidence of schooling in Canada or foreign credentials for attending high school or post-secondary institutions. Your CLB test score for language proficiency may meet the minimum requirements for the Trades Program but it helps to achieve as high a score as possible in order to achieve a better score through the CRS.

The Provincial Nominee Program (FSTP)

The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) works with its own profile that needs to be created separately from your Express Entry profile. If you are successful in meeting the criteria for that specific profile (which are sometimes less stringent than those of the Federal Skilled Trades Program), you are then issued with the PN. This nomination adds 600 additional points to your profile, almost guaranteeing (bar any outstanding requirements) your ITA. This is because the minimum score drawn from the pool has never exceeded 500 points.

Certain PNP Streams also work with Express Entry for skilled workers but can be applied for directly through the province instead of first creating an Express Entry profile. This is an option for those with critical skills such as healthcare professionals where they may not score well through Express Entry but will stand a good chance when measured against the criteria for a specific province’s stream.